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  1. Keep Exploring Britannica
  2. Somerset, England Genealogy
  3. History of Somerset County
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  5. Somerset | Location, History, & Facts | rynynynuxepi.tk

In , General Braddock and his English troops, accompanied by George Washington, crossed the southwestern corner of the county in an unsuccessful attempt to conquer Fort Duquesne. The trail, now known as U.

Route 40, was the first step in settling and developing Somerset County. In a second, successful, attempt by the English to conquer Fort Duquesne, General Forbes and his men carved a new trail over the Allegheny Mountains. Route 30, provided access to the Glades, the meadows surrounding the headwaters of streams in the center of the county.

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A German Baptist religious group settled in the Glades in , establishing a church near the village of Brotherton. Further south, a group of Swiss and German immigrants laid out the town of Berlin and established a church and school.

Economic History of Somerset County NJ

Though those early settlers laid the foundation for Somerset County, it was an exile from the south who made it official. Harmon Husband fled here in after having a bounty placed on his head in North Carolina for protesting taxes and injustice in the local court system. As a member of the General Assembly, Husband petitioned his fellow legislators in to form a new county west of the Allegheny Mountains.

The county was named for Somersetshire in western England.

ADDITIONAL MEDIA

In , the area expanded with the annexation of the southwestern corner of Bedford County. In , a large northern section of the county was lost to the creation of Cambria County. Today Somerset is the seventh largest county in Pennsylvania and includes 25 townships and 25 boroughs encompassing nearly 1, square miles. Reliable all-weather transportation to the markets of the East Coast came in with the completion of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad line through the southern part of the county. An extension of that line to Johnstown later proved vital during the Johnstown Flood, when the Somerset and Cambria subdivision was the only access to the scene of that disaster.


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This resulted in the building of the South Penn, a railroad that was never to be finished, and would later, during the Great Depression, be purchased by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and finished as the Pennsylvania Turnpike. On Sept. Since then, people from around the world have visited the crash site and the recently dedicated national memorial to pay their respects to those who died that day. In July , Somerset County was once again the focus of national media attention when nine miners became trapped in the Quecreek Mine in Lincoln Township.

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Somerset, England Genealogy

The administrative, geographic, and historic counties cover somewhat different areas. The administrative county comprises five districts: Mendip and Sedgemoor in the north, South Somerset and the borough of Taunton Deane in the south, and West Somerset. The geographic county includes the entire administrative county and the unitary authorities of Bath and North East Somerset and North Somerset. Along the borders of the South Somerset district, the administrative and geographic counties include small areas that belong to the historic counties of Dorset and Devon.

History of Somerset County

Apart from those areas, the historic county of Somerset encompasses the entire geographic county, as well as the part of the city of Bristol that lies south of the River Avon Lower, or Bristol, Avon. The geographic county is centred on a low-lying basin called Sedgemoor, near the coast. To the north an area of rolling hills, including the southernmost Cotswolds uplands, descends to the valley of the Avon and the lowlands along the Bristol Channel. Prehistoric settlement occurred chiefly on the relatively open uplands of the historic county, particularly the Mendip Hills, but a prehistoric lake village has been excavated at Glastonbury.

The Romans mined lead, built villas, and founded the town of Bath Aquae Sulis at the site of natural hot springs.

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During the first two centuries of the Saxon conquest, Somerset was a borderland between the Saxons and the Britons, but from the 7th century Somerset formed the westernmost part of the Kingdom of Wessex. During the 11th and 12th centuries the Normans built castles such as those at Dunster and Taunton.

During the late Middle Ages Bath flourished as a centre of the woolen trade. Apart from Taunton the county mostly took the Royalist side during the English Civil Wars of the midth century. During the 18th and early 19th centuries Bath enjoyed its heyday as a fashionable resort. With the development of industry and railroads, the town of Taunton expanded, coastal towns such as Weston-super-Mare and scenic areas such as Exmoor developed as resorts, and the city of Bristol expanded across the River Avon into the historic county.

The geographic county of Somerset is mainly agricultural. Dairy farming and stock raising are important, and there is some market gardening. The county is traditionally associated with cider production, and the village of Cheddar , in the Mendip Hills, has given its name to the cheese that was first made there. Limestone and sandstone are quarried in the upland areas of the county, and elsewhere sand and gravel are worked.

Peat extraction is important on Sedgemoor. In a nuclear power station was completed on the coast at Hinkley Point. Area administrative county, 1, square miles 3, square km ; geographic county, 1, square miles 4, square km. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. See Article History.

Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. England , predominant constituent unit of the United Kingdom, occupying more than half of the island of Great Britain.

Somerset | Location, History, & Facts | rynynynuxepi.tk

Despite the political, economic,…. The northern shore borders the South Wales coalfield and is heavily industrialized; the southern shore in the counties of Somerset and Devon is mainly agricultural. At the eastern end of the channel is the estuary of the…. Gloucestershire , administrative, geographic, and historic county of southwestern England. It lies at the head of the River Severn estuary on the border with Wales.


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